Copenhagen Metro

Driverless metro in Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Icon for list item

    Written by James M. Young

  • Icon for list item

    Updated 14th June 2023

Background

  • Icon for list item

    Location Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Icon for list item

    First line opened 2002

  • Icon for list item

    Last major update 2020

  • Icon for list item

    Open lines 4

  • Icon for list item

    Open stations 40

Copenhagen in Denmark has the only metro in the country. The first 2 lines, M1 and M2, opened their first parts on 19th October 2002. The 3rd line was opened 17 years later and the 4th line a year after that. At this time, line M4 is being extended south and is due to open in 2024. All trains on the system are driverless. The network carried 107 million passengers in 2022.


Line M1

  • Line colour Green

  • Icon for list item

    Opened 2002

  • Icon for list item

    Stations 16

Plans for a metro in Copenhagen started at the end of the 20th century. Initial plans for lines M1 and M2 passed in parliament on 24th June 1992 linking Vanløse with Vestamager and Lergravsparken. Construction started in November 1996. The line is partly below ground and partly above ground.

Line M1 opened on 19th October 2002 between Nørreport and Vestamager. The next part to open was between Nørreport and Frederiksberg on 29th May 2003. Finally, later that year on 12th October 2003, the section from Frederiksberg to Vanløse opened.

Gallery


Line M2

  • Line colour Yellow

  • Icon for list item

    Opened 2002

  • Icon for list item

    Stations 16

Line M2 was built at the same time as line M1 and shares track between Vanløse and Christianshavn. The line is partly below ground and partly above ground.

The first part of line M2 opened on 19th October 2002 between Nørreport and Lergravsparken. The next part to open was between Nørreport and Frederiksberg on 29th May 2003. Later that year on 12th October 2003, the section from Frederiksberg to Vanløse opened. 4 years later, the section between Lergravsparken to Lufthavnen (the airport) was opened on 28th September 2007.

Gallery


Line M3

  • Line colour Red

  • Icon for list item

    Opened 2019

  • Icon for list item

    Stations 17

Line M3 was being planned as lines M1 and M2 began operation. Plans for a circle line in the city centre were passed by parliament on 1st June 2007. Preparation work for the line started in 2010 and construction began in 2011. The whole line is built in tunnels underground.

The line opened on 29th September 2019. It connects with lines M1 and M2 at Frederiksberg and Kongens Nytorv.

Gallery


Line M4

  • Line colour Blue

  • Icon for list item

    Opened 2020

  • Icon for list item

    Stations 8

Line M4 was planned the same time as line M3 and shares track between København H and Østerport. The line is built in tunnels underground, except for the last station, Orientkaj.

The line opened between København H and Orientkaj on 28th March 2020.

Line M4 is currently being extended to the Sydhavn district and is expected to open by the end of 2024. This will add 5 extra stations to the line from its current terminus at København H.

Gallery


Trains

All lines use the same Hitachi Rail Italy Driverless Metro trains. Each train is made up of 3 articulated cars. The trains are powered by a third rail. The metro is fully automated with the whole network controlled from 2 command centers, one for lines M1/M2 and one for lines M3/M4.

Gallery


Future

There are no agreed future plans for the network at present, aside from the ongoing construction on line M4.

Enjoyed this content? Share it with your friends!

  • Facebook logo
  • Twitter logo

More maps to discover

Image for Lyon Metro
UPDATED

4 line metro in south-east France

Image for London Underground & DLR

The oldest underground railway in the world

Image for Tyne & Wear Metro

Light rail network serving Newcastle and Sunderland


Disclaimer

Please note the map is for display purposes only. This should only be used as a guide on how the network has changed over time and not as a travel tool. Please see each networks's official website for an up-to-date map for travelling around that city.

Map design is loosely based on the original concept by Harry Beck for London Underground.

Some things to note about maps:

  • Only shows passenger lines.
  • Does not show different services on lines.
  • Shows the companies who ran services over lines, not who owned them.
  • Only shows how lines intersect and in no way represents where stations are in real life, either geographically or by distance.
  • Only shows stations as intersections if you can walk between lines without leaving the station(s).
  • Only shows changes between years. If a station closed and opened in the same year this will not be shown etc.
  • Does not show interchanges between other travel networks.

Images are copyright to their respective owners.

If you spot anything that is wrong, have suggestions or comments or suitable photos for a network, then please get in touch on our contact page.